The Johnstown Flood National Memorial

The Johnstown Flood National MemorialFrom the September / October edition of The Quarter Roll

History
On May 31, 1889, one of the worst natural disasters in our country’s history happened when Johnstown, Pennsylvania was severely crippled by flooding. Before the disaster occurred, an exclusive mountain resort had been built in the South Fork area of Pennsylvania and memberships were sold to the wealthiest Pittsburghers. The resort included a dam that held back the waters of Lake Conemaugh. The dam’s spillway was a wall at the end of the dam that was made of mud, rocks, and other raw materials. It was the inappropriate maintenance of this spillway and an unusually heavy rainfall that led to the wall giving way to the bulging Lake Conemaugh. Once the spillway broke on May 31, an additional 20 million tons of water rushed toward an already flooding Johnstown. The result was the destruction of much of Johnstown and several other smaller towns in a matter of hours.

Johnstown Flood Memorial
Today the Johnstown Flood National Memorial allows visitors to explore and experience many of the events of May 31, 1889. The Memorial building and property includes the original property overseer’s house, a short movie that recreates the events of the day, many artifacts from Johnstown and the flood aftermath, and an incredible view of the area that contained the dam and spillway.

Clubhouse
Admission to the Memorial building also includes a tour of the original South Fork Clubhouse. Visitors are taken by van to the clubhouse by a park ranger. Once at the clubhouse visitors are given access to this historic building so they can see much of the interior and the rooms where wealthy Pittsburghers would socialize.

South Fork Dam and Spillway
After visiting the clubhouse the park ranger continues the van tour with a stop at the site of the original South Fork Dam and the location where the original spillway once stood. The dam is now drained and visitors can explore trails through the area that once held back Lake Conemaugh. A small bridge and observation deck, located right over the original spillway, are easily accessible by foot. This is the spot where the Johnstown Flood began.

Plot of the Unknown
After the flood many bodies couldn't be identified. In order to address this problem, a plot was purchased at Grandview Cemetery and named the "Unknown Plot". This area of the cemetery contains the bodies of 777 flood victims who could not be identified. Visiting the plot is another emotionally moving and interesting part of this trip’s overall experience.

Johnstown Incline
Taking the Johnstown Incline up Yoder Hill provides visitors to Johnstown with an incredible view of Johnstown and the flood path. At the very top of Yoder Hill you can also see one of the largest American Flags in the country, visit the incline gift shop, watch the mechanical gears of the incline work, and explore the incline visitor center. The City View Bar and Grill can also be found at the top of the incline.

Trip Cost
Admission costs:
Johnstown Flood National Memorial - $4.00 per person / kids under 16 are free (admission includes van tour)
Johnstown Incline - $4.00 round trip for adults / $2.50 for kids 2-12
Grandview Cemetery – no charge

http://www.nps.gov/jofl/index.htm
http://www.inclinedplane.org/index.html
http://grandviewjohnstownpa.com/maps.shtml

 
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